In 1998, with the support and encouragement of the senior leadership of the Department of Energy and the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, a group of scientists, engineers, workers and Las Vegas community leaders formed the Nevada Test Site Historical Foundation (NTSHF), a private, non-profit organization. With the design of the Frank Rogers building in 2005, a master plan for the Museum was developed. The plan provides educational and interactive exhibits in a dedicated Museum that occupies the ground floor of the new building. The Smithsonian Institution was brought in to provide essential Museum specific construction advice and to help refine the content of the Museum. As a result, the Atom Testing Museum was among the first American museums to be designated as a Smithsonian Affiliate, a distinct honor for a new museum.